Anishinaabe Arcs: Background 1: history
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After the Sandy Lake Tragedy (resulting in several hundred deaths) the US changed to the reservation system, but many communities were still uprooted. Some self-governance was returned in the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. Land struggles continue to this day: for example in 1981, members of the Algonquin nation successfully blockaded a commercial rice-harvesting venture that was given federal permission to harvest the wild rice that the tribe has traditionally gathered by hand for centuries.